Every source quoted, summarized, or paraphrased in the body of your paper should be cited in the References section, and vice-versa.
In the body of your paper, you must include - either in the body of the sentence or parenthetically - the source author’s name and the page number (if there is one) where the information may be found.
In 2016, the article “Relocating to Transylvania” points out that Transylvania has a “vibrant musical scene” (McKissock 77).
“About 28.1% of the county’s population is 65 or older, according to the 2013 statistics” (McKissock 77).
McKissock’s article states that Transylvania “has historically been a retirement destination” (77).
McKissock, Derek. “Relocating to Transylvania.” Transylvania Explorer, Transylvania Times, Autumn 2016.
"Moreover, Californian songs and poetry show that disciplined training and work were ways of connecting with what is authentic in life" (Graeber and Wengrow 212).
Graeber, David, and D Wengrow. The Dawn of Everything: A New History of Humanity. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2021. Print.
Siegel, Schmalleger, and Worrall suggest that knowing how the courts work is important to students because of the power of the courts in our society (xi).
This text examines moral implications of court rulings as well as legal implications (Siegel xi).
Siegel, Larry J., et al. Courts and Criminal Justice in America. 2nd ed., Pearson, 2015.
(more than 4 lines, a.k.a a block quote)
For example, if I were writing about the history of the Supreme Court, I would introduce a block quote with contextualizing information. In this case, I might discuss how prominent political figures discussed Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes reverentially on Holmes's retirement. One scholar has written that
when time came to show the more mundane aspects of respect, the nation proved surprisingly stingy. Within a few months of Holmes’s resignation, a so-called Economy Act cut federal salaries and almost perversely targeted Holmes. One clause on resigned federal judges set a maximum pension of $10,000, which would cut Holmes’s income in half and would similarly threaten any other Supreme Court justice who resigned. (Glock, 2019, p. 47)
This text serves as a block quote, and the reader can see that there is no punctuation between the quote’s introduction and the quote itself. Note, too, that the quote’s end punctuation goes before the parenthetical citation.
Glock, Judge. “Unpacking the Supreme Court: Judicial Retirement, Judicial Independence, and the Road to the 1937 Court Battle.” Journal of American History, vol. 106, no. 1, June 2019, pp. 47–71. EBSCOhost, https://doi-org.proxy020.nclive.org/10.1093/jahist/jaz167.
Ellis, Lindsay. “How the Great Recession Reshaped American Higher Education.” The Chronicle of Higher Education. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 14 Sept. 2018, www.chronicle.com/article/How-the-Great-Recession/244527/?cid=SLFEED. Accessed 27 Sept. 2018.
Lastname, Firstname. “Source Title: Article Titles Go in Quotation Marks.” First Container: Italicize Online Magazine Titles, Publisher, Publication date, Location, Access date.
Lastname, First, and Firstname Lastname. “Source Title: Essay Titles in Quotation Marks.” First Container: Italicize Book Titles, Publisher, Publication date, Location. Second Container: Italicize Database Names, Location (URL).
Lastname, Firstname, et al. Title of Source: Italicize Book Titles. Publisher, Publication date.
Smith, A. Arro. “Cataloging Heresy.” Radical Cataloging: Essays at the Front, edited by K. R. Roberto, introduction by Sanford Berman, McFarland & Co., 2008, pp. 291-299.
Lastname, F. Middle. “Source Title: Chapter or Essay Titles in Quotation Marks.” First Container: Italicize Book Titles, contribution by F. M. Lastname, contribution by Firstname Lastname, Publisher, Publication date, pp.#.