Skip to Main Content

Learning Consultation: Writing Resources

Find information, schedule appointments, and collaborate with other scholars to succeed in your classes.

Writing Tools & References

Hanging Indentation

Note: the following examples are in APA 7.

Using Word:

1) Ctrl+T - Place your cursor at the beginning of the second line of your citation.

Image depicting the text of a book citation. An arrow points to the space before the first word on the second line.

2) Press the control & the T keys at the same time (command + T on some operating systems).

Image depicts the text of a book citation. The second line is indented 5 spaces to the right of the first.


Using Google Docs:

1) Highlight your citations.

Image of highlighted book-citation text.

2) Select Format from the top tool bar. Select Align & Indent, then Indentation Options from the emergent menus.

Image showing successive menus.

3) In the resulting pop-up menu, select Special Indent, then Hanging, then click Apply.

Image depicts menu labeled "indentation options" with purple boxes around the selected items.

The resulting citation should look like this:

Image of book citation in hanging indentation.

Annotated Bibliography Resources

RefWorks Lite - Citation Management

  • Save search results and upload documents
  • Generate citations and bibliographies
  • Organize research documents

Register to use RefWorks Lite

  1. Follow this link to RefWorks's website.
  2. Click the "No Account? Sign up here" button.
  3. Follow the instructions.
  4. Use your email address to sign up for this product.

Citation Builders

Citation & Documentation FAQ

About Citation & Documentation

Why Do I Have to Cite?

  • Connect your work to the ongoing conversation - Demonstrate that your arguments and conclusions are not based on your opinion but supported by the findings of other researchers.
  • Give credit where it is due - Showing what you've learned from others highlights your original arguments.
  • Help future researchers understand - Give your audience the what it needs to find out more about your topic.
  • Avoid plagiarism - Duplication of wording, concepts, or ideas from any source and submission of the material as one’s own work without appropriately acknowledging the source violates Brevard College's Honor Code and is subject to disciplinary action.

What Do I Have to Cite?

  1. Direct quotes or summarized information from an outside source.
  2. Arguments, ideas, or specific terminology from an outside source.
  3. Graphs, Charts, Photos, Drawings, etc. either pictured directly or used to glean information.

Which Format Should I Use?

In academic writing, the most commonly used citation formats are APA, MLA, and Chicago (Turabian). Check with your instructors to see which citation format they prefer.

APA Style Resources

MLA Style Resources

Turabian Style Resources

Tell us how to improve our website